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诺如病毒防控小常识
添加时间:2020-12-03 13:59:23 阅读次数: 作者:ISEC 来源:教务部

诺如病毒防控小常识

Tips for Norovirus Prevention


近期部分地区出现了诺如病毒集体感染的情况,为了帮助大家更好的了解诺如病毒及其防控知识,有效预防病毒感染,我们总结了一些关于诺如病毒的防控常识,请同学们注意防范。

Recently, some cases of norovirus infection happened in some places. In order to help our international students have a better understanding of the virus and take well prevention measures, here we collected some tips for norovirus prevention:


一、诺如病毒简介

Main information about norovirus


诺如病毒是引起急性胃肠炎的主要致病原,感染发病后主要造成腹泻和/或呕吐,以及发热、恶心、腹痛等症状。近几年,诺如病毒在世界范围内始终处于快速传播、高度散发状态,在幼儿园、中小学校、大学校园偶有聚集性病例的发生。每年的10月到次年3月是诺如病毒感染流行的高发季节。

Norovirus is the main infectious agent of acute gastro-enteritis, the main symptoms after infection are diarrhea, emesis,fever, nausea,bellyache etc. In recent years, the norovirus has been transferred globally with occasional cluster cases happened in schools. The period between October to March is always the high season of norovirus.


诺如病毒传播力强,传播途径多样,全人群普遍易感,感染后一般病程为2-3天,多数人两三天可自愈,属自限性疾病,但儿童、老年人及患有基础性疾病的群体临床症状可能较为严重,容易引起并发症。

The norovirus can be transferred in many ways, and the duration of the disease usually lasts for 2-3 days with most of people self-cured within 2-3 days. Children, the elderly and people with underlying health problems may have more serious symptoms or complications.


诺如病毒主要通过污染的食物、水传播,也可经由接触病人排泄物和呕吐物,经污染的手、物体和用具传播,以及经呕吐产生的气溶胶等方式传播,流行季常常存在很多隐性感染者作为传播源传播。

The norovirus can be transferred through food, water, excreta or vomit from infection people, contaminated hands or items, or aerosol from vomits etc.


二、日常生活如何防范诺如病毒:

How to prevent the norovirus in daily life:


1、保持良好饮食饮水习惯:日常生活中应多注意饮食卫生,不直饮未煮开的自来水,吃生冷不洁的食物,瓜果蔬菜要洗净,食物要煮熟煮透,尤其是贝类等海鲜类食品更要煮熟煮透之后再吃,养成健康生活习惯。

Keeping good eating and drinking habits. Pay attention to food hygiene, clean the fruits and vegetables well, and cooked the food (especially seafood such as shellfish) thoroughly before eating.


2、养成良好卫生习惯:勤洗手,进食前或处理食物前应用肥皂及流动的清水洗净双手,如厕后或处理呕吐物及粪便后需彻底洗净双手,养成正确洗手的习惯。

Maintaining good hygiene habits: Always wash your hands with soaps and fluid water especially before eating or processing food, and after going to toilet or processing vomits or faeces.


3、搞好环境卫生:餐具、日常用品、生活环境要定期做好消毒,有呕吐物时及时清除并做好消毒处理。

Maintaining good environmental hygiene: Regularly disinfect tableware, daily supplies, and living environment. Vomits should be timely cleaned and related disinfection should be done.


4、少去人多场所:尽量减少去人员聚集场所、避免交叉感染。

Avoid going to public places: Reduce the times of going to public gathering places to avoid cross infection.


三、患了诺如病毒性腹泻怎么办?

What to do if infected by norovirus?


1、立即报告留学生教育中心管理老师,以便学校第一时间帮助留学生开展治疗和相关工作;

Immediately contact teachers of International Students’ Education Center, so that the school can help you to search for medical care and conduct related work timely.


2、做好自我隔离:已经出现腹泻、呕吐等症状的感染者要进行隔离,减少传染风险;

Conducting self-isolation. If you have the symptoms of norovirus, please isolate yourself to prevent virus transfer.


3、患病后不要过于担心:诺如病毒感染后一般病情轻微,持续时间短,预后良好。患者应充分休息,清淡饮食。

No need to panic. The symptoms of norovirus are usually slight,the disease duration is usually short and patients can recover well. There is no need to panic for the virus and please pay attention to have good rest and have healthy and light diet.




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